Oklahoma teachers’, public safety officers’, and public workers’ pension benefits are entitled to certain protections under state law and affirmed by court rulings. At the same time, the state does have some legal precedent that allows them to change particular aspects of retirement benefits.
In other words, Oklahoma pension laws allow parts of public pension benefits to be changed by future state laws, but only certain parts of those benefits.
Equable Institute partnered with Columbia Law School’s Center for Public Research and Leadership to create infographics that map states’ pension governance. Understanding the legal environment for pension policies can be confusing for both lawmakers and public workers, but illuminating legally permissible policy pathways to improve funding sustainability and ensure adequate retirement income security for states’ workforces is essential.
Understanding Oklahoma Pension Laws
In the case of Oklahoma, state law allows the legislature to increase employee contributions. In 2016, they did just that. The Oklahoma Legislature raised the employee contribution rate from 3% on the first $25,000 of salary and 3.5% on the remainder to a flat rate of 3.5% on all compensation.
Changes to workers’ benefit calculations are also statutorily allowed for active employees who have not met retirement requirements according to Oklahoma law.
The legal environment is favorable for these shifts – meaning that state law and legal precedent allows for changes to these aspects of pension policy.
Oklahoma can likely shift workers’ vesting periods for active employees who have not met retirement requirements, bit this has not been attempted in the state and has no legal precedent.
It is important to note that current retirees’ benefits have greater legal protection than those of active employees. Apart from reduced or eliminated COLAs, current retirees’ benefits cannot be taken away or reduced under Oklahoma pension law.
Disclaimer: The information here doesn’t constitute legal advice or representation. Equable is not necessarily recommending any of the policies discussed in the infographic. Some may not work for certain states, others may not be desirable policy. Ultimately, any pension policy change should honor promises made to public workers and put them on a path to retirement security, while ensuring sustainable funding measures.